At SCI , we carry out Inspections of X-ray Facilities for Purposes of Medical Diagnosis with the objective of performing their activity totally and absolutely legally. Our Technical Unit for Radiological Protection (UTPR) is recognised by the Nuclear Safety Council (CSN) and carries out the following services for medical radiodiagnosis facilities:
FUNCTIONS OF THE UTPR IN MEDICAL X-RAY FACILITIES
Quality control for X-ray machines
Every year, the UTPR at SCI performs a Quality Control Check-up on the X-ray Emitting Equipment of their clients in order to guarantee the production of images which are as high quality as possible for the diagnosis and that the doses received by the patients are as low as can be reasonably achieved, always respecting the general aspects of radiological protection.
To carry out the quality control check-up, the procedures detailed in the Spanish Protocol for Quality Control in Radiodiagnosis is followed, applying the tolerances stated in Royal Decree 1976/1999.
In the event that the values obtained exceed the tolerances stated for a piece of equipment, the facility’s director shall make a decision concerning the actions to be taken, taking into account the evolution of the patient’s dosage benchmarks and the quality of the radiographic images: a revision of the machine, higher frequency of the quality control check-ups, an alteration to working procedures, the provisional suspension of the equipment pending its repair, etc.
Measurement of radiation levels
The UTPR at SCI carries out monitoring of the Levels of Radiation in their clients’ X-ray facilities annually, also whenever there is any modification to normal working conditions, or when any irregularity is detected that may affect radiological protection in the workplace and in areas adjacent to those which are accessible to the public.
Estimation of the patients’ entrance dose
Every year, the UTPR at SCI performs an Estimation of Patients’ Dose for one of the most commonly performed explorations for each of the X-ray machines in their clients’ facilities. This estimation is calculated by a specialist in hospital radio physics.
Drawing up of the documentation for the registration or modification of X-ray facilities
As is detailed inRoyal Decree 1085/2009, of 3 July, from the 3rd of July, concerning the approval of Regulations concerning the installation and usage of X-ray machines for purposes of medical diagnosis, the Owner of the Facility must declare the X-ray facility for purposes of medical diagnosis before the Competent Body of the Autonomous Community before it is first started up, and again when there are any changes to the equipment, any addition of any equipment, generators, or additional tubes, any changing of the facility’s location, and any modification of its general layout.
The Competent Body in the Autonomous Community must be informed of any change in ownership or cessation of activities and documentation certifying the future destination assigned to the equipment must accompany this notification.
When a client requests it, the UTPR at SCI will take the responsibility of drawing up any documentation which may be necessary for the registration or modification of an X-ray facility for purposes of medical diagnosis, as long as the facility complies with the requirements stated in RD 1085/2009. Part of this documentation will be a certificate of compliance for the facility which will be issued by the UTPR.
Drawing up the Plan for Radiological Protection
Royal Decree 1085/2009, of 3 July, from the 3rd of July, concerning the approval of Regulations concerning the installation and usage of X-ray machines for purposes of medical diagnosis, states that all Facilities for medical radiodiagnosis are obliged to define and implement a Plan of Radiological Protection, in which all of the operational regulations and actions which may be necessary for compliance with the Regulation concerning the Protection of Health against ionising radiation must be defined.
The objective of this Programme is to guarantee that the doses that any workers or members of the public may receive are kept at as low a level as can be reasonably achieved and that, in any event, they are below the dose limits stated in the relevant legislation.
The UTPR at SCI draws up the Plan for Radiological Protection for their clients’ facilities and monitors their ongoing compliance.
Drawing up the Quality Assurance Programme
Royal Decree 1976/1999, of December 23, concerning the definition of quality criteria for radiodiagnosis, lays down the obligation of drawing up a Quality Assurance Programme, in accordance with national and international protocols for X-ray facilities for purposes of medical diagnosis.
The UTPR at SCI draws up the Quality Assurance Programme for their clients’ facilities and monitors their ongoing compliance.
Certification of compliance for X-ray facilities
The UTPR at SCI issues the regular Certificate of Compliance for X-ray facilities for their clients, as stated inRD 1085/2009. This certificate expresses:
The regularity of this certificate will depend on the type of facility concerned in each case. InRD 1085/2009, the classification of facilities and the frequency of the issuing of the certificate according to its type of facility is defined.
Periodic report to the CSN
In RD 1085/2009, it is stated whether or not the Owner of a facility must submit a Report to the CSN as well as with what frequency this must be done, according to the type of facility.
The UTPR at SCI performs periodic reports for all of the clients which have authorised this measure.
The content of the report is:
This report is sent in the first term of the following period, bearing in mind the frequency required for different types of facilities.
Calculation of shielding
The UTPR calculates what Shielding is necessary for the facility when the client requests them to do so. This shielding aims to protect both the healthcare personnel as well as the patients who visit, reducing the level of exposure to radiation in compliance with the relevant legislation.